The UAE attracts many international workers as it offers numerous business and employment opportunities. According to a survey by HSBC, Dubai secures a second position as the best city to start a new business and offers a great number of job opportunities.

Expats seek properties in Business Bay, Dubai Marina, Downtown Dubai, and other communities where businesses are thriving so that they can avail these employment opportunities.

Having said that, employment laws are strict in the UAE. That is why getting familiar with the MoHRE labour contract and UAE labour law legislation is imperative before moving to the emirates.

People working in UAE need to acquire employment contracts that, apart from being signed by employees and employers, need attestation from the Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratisation (MoHRE).

If you do not know about the MoHRE labour contract, we have got you covered. Here’s all you need to know about MoHR labour contract:

All About MoHRE Labour Contract

Labour Law In UAE

All employment matters are governed by Federal law No. 8 of 1980. However, some amendments were made in 2022 to the employment law of 1980, and both employees and employers are obliged to follow them.

According to the new law, employers can hire employees on fixed contracts only. So, all employers are advised to change the existing contacts and amend the new ones. Furthermore, the duration of changing the contracts has been extended to 2023. The new deadline for changing contracts to a fixed term is 31st December 2023.

What Is The MoHRE Contract?

The MoHRE labour contract is basically the work agreement signed by the employee and employer. The contract incorporates all working agreements, including the nature of work, decided salary, working schedule and working hours, benefits employees get, etc.

The contract binds both employees and employers on legal grounds. In case of disputes, the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation uses the contract as a reference.

Types Of Employment Contracts

There are several working contracts that differ from one another on the grounds of legal responsibilities, termination, and protections. It is important for both employees and employers to understand each contract and sign the contract that describes their relationship in the best way.

Let’s discuss the types of employment contracts below:

1.       Fixed-term Contract

A limited contract or fixed-term contract has a fixed date, after which it terminates automatically. The contract needs to be renewed for the employee to continue working. The duration of the fixed contract is 3 years which is equal to the duration of the residency visa as per the location.

2.       Unlimited Contract

Unlike fixed contracts, unlimited contracts have no expiration date. It is more flexible and ends with the consent of both parties mutually. Furthermore, there is no restriction of giving a notice period of 30 days in this type of contract.

3.       Temporary Contract

This contract is suitable for those under a probation period of 90 days. This contract sets obligations for 90 days only. After expiration, it is up to the employers if they want to end or extend the work with you.

4.        Full-time Contract

According to this contract, employees are obliged to work for 48 hours per week. Extra hours should be compensated by the employer according to labour law.

5.        Part-Time Contract

According to the part-time MoHRE labour contract, an employee can work for less than 48 hours per week only. Both have to agree upon the exact number of working hours. In this way, employees can work for more than one party, and they do not have to get permission from any of them but from MoHRE itself.

6.      Job Sharing Contract

It is a new type of contract that allows employees working in the same role to divide the tasks and hours of work.

7.      Special Labour Contact

This contract is for high positions of ministers in the ministry. It is extended for a period of 2 years and can be renewed for the same duration. Furthermore, the ministers get the benefits and salaries as per their position and responsibilities.

How To Get A MoHRE Labour Contract?

The Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation has identified the steps that need to be taken to get the contract. You have to get the job first, then sign the employment contract, and then issue a work permit and work visa.

Furthermore, the employees must sign the job offer before the preliminary approval by MoHRE. The contract must be submitted within 14 days after the employee’s arrival. In addition to that, the employee must get a work permit within 60 days. Otherwise, the employer can get penalised.

Information In The Labour Card

The work permit or labour card is proof that you are a registered employee of the UAE. The card must be with you when you move as an employee. The labour card contains information including name, nationality, profession, expiration date, labour card number, and work permit number. Employees can get a work permit after agreeing upon certain conditions with the employer.

Eligibility Criteria

There are certain conditions to get a work permit for both employee and employer. For employees, there is an age requirement between 18-60 years. Furthermore, employees must have academic qualifications and sound health conditions.

As for the employers, they must offer a competitive salary, must have no criminal record, and must follow the ministry procedure.

Documents Required For The Work Permit

Documentation is imperative to get a work permit globally, and the same goes for the UAE. You have to submit some documents to get the work permit. Following are the documents employees require to get the work permit:

  •         A coloured picture with white background
  •         Copy of health certificate
  •         Copy of entry visa
  •         3 copies of the employment contract with signatures from both sides
  •         A copy of the company’s licence

The work permit needs to be renewed after 2 years. The employees get a grace period of 50 days from the expiration date to renew it.

The Bottom Line

In a nutshell, the UAE offers immense business and job opportunities, given that both employees and employers must follow the employment rules and abide by the new MoHRE labour contract.

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